Ответы и задания для 5-6, 7-8, 9-11 класса олимпиады по английскому языку школьный этап 2020-2021 всероссийской олимпиады школьников (ВсОШ), официальная дата проведения в Москве: 16.09.2020-20.09.2020 (16-20 сентября 2020 год).
Ответы и задания 5-6 класс школьный этап 2020 по английскому языку:
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Видеоразбор заданий олимпиады:
Script Listen to the text. Then put the tales A–E in the order they are mentioned in the text. Use numbers (1–4). There is one extra fairy tale which is not mentioned in the text. You will hear the text twice. You have 10 seconds to look at the task. Now we are ready to start.
Russian fairy tales are some of the oldest and richest in the world. Russian children love them. Almost all of them have a happy ending and the good characters win over the bad ones.
Most tales are about people. Baba Yaga is a bad witch. She is an old woman who is very thin and has a blue nose. Baba Yaga eats people, but she also helps those who help her. Another famous character is Ivan the Fool. Ivan is not lucky and people think he is silly. In the story Ivan The Fool and The Magic Pony Ivan gets a magic horse that makes his life better. At the end of the story Ivan becomes a tsar! Another famous story is The Frog Princess, where a frog becomes a beautiful princess and marries a prince.
Some fairy tales are about animals or objects. Teremok – The Fly’s Castle – is about a lot of animals who build a small house and live there together. Kolobok is the story of a cake that comes to life and goes out into the world to have adventures. The story is called The Gingerbread Man in English.
Russian fairy tales have many different and interesting characters. What is your favourite?
Easy Writing Have you ever heard of Lazlo Biro? He invented the ballpoint pen (the biro). His invention has made writing a lot easier for everyone. In the 1930s Lazlo Biro worked for a newspaper in Budapest in Hungary. While writing his articles he used an ink pen which left a lot of ink stains on paper. He often watched the newspaper being printed by huge printing machines. Biro noticed that the ink used in the printing machines dried very quickly. He wondered if this quickdrying ink could be used in pens. He had the idea of using a tube of quick-drying ink with a ball at the end. He found that when you wrote with it, the ball allowed ink to flow out of the tube and on to the paper. Because it dried quickly it did not smudge like ordinary ink.
Biro was very excited by his discovery. His pen was much easier and smoother to write with. It was especially helpful to left-handed people. With the pen, it was possible to write up to 200,000 words before the ink ran out. It was even possible to write on rough surfaces. Another advantage of the ballpoint pen was that it was cheap. You just threw it away when the ink ran out and got another one! Unfortunately, before he was able to patent* his invention, the Second World War broke out. Biro went to Brazil. There, he and his brother George began to improve the design of the pen.
In the early 1940s they began to manufacture a new pen, but they did not have enough money to start a big company. In 1944 he sold his business to an Englishman named Henry Martin. Martin produced thousands of Biro pens. He sold many to the men and women in the American and British armies. People liked the pens very much. They were convenient and easy to carry around and they could be used anywhere. They were cheaper than fountain pens. Later, Martin sold the business to a French company called BIC. This company now sells twelve million pens a day. Biro was pleased that his pen was so popular, but he did not make a lot of money from his invention. He died quite a poor man in South America. However, his name is not forgotten. It has become an everyday word.
1)Biro was a Hungarian journalist.
2)Biro’s birthday is celebrated in some countries as Inventors’ Day.
3)Biro invented his pen without seeing a printing machine at work.
4)The ink used in printing machines was different from ordinary ink.
5)You can write longer with a ballpoint pen than with an ink pen.
6)The new pen could write not only on paper.
7)In the 1940s Biro brothers’ business was rather successful.
8)Biro sold his business to BIC
9)Fountain pens were cheaper and easier to use
10)Biro’s name is still honored by his relatives in South America.
11)At 12th April, 1961 Yuri Gagarin, a Russian Cosmonaut
12)became first human to travel into space. Although his flight
13)lasted only 108 minute, its success made him
14)national hero. He also became the first person
15)ate and drank in zero gravity, and he was able
16)view the Earth in a way that no one had done before.
17)Unfortunately, a plane crash in March 1968 made Gagarins’
18)desire of revisiting space unpossible.
19)After his dead, his hometown and the Cosmonaut Training
20)Center at Star City, Russia, was named after he.
Ответы и задания 7-8 класс школьный этап 2020 по английскому языку:
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Видеоразбор заданий олимпиады:
How do British people recognize a Russian speaker of English? Listen to a dialogue between a Russian student and a British teacher and find out. Then complete the sentences (1–7) by using a word from the text. Mind your spelling. You will hear the text twice. Now you have 10 seconds to read the sentences. Now we are ready to start.
Marina: Is there such a thing as Russian English? Wayne: Yes, of course there is. Even excellent Russian speakers of English are subtly influenced by Russian in the way they present ideas or the way they conduct conversations when they talk to native speakers of English. Marina: How? What are the differences? Wayne: Well, first there are lexical items that are particularly Russian. These are expressions that creep into your English, that are somehow created between your Russian and the English you learn. For instance, in your society you have ‘home tasks’ set by your teacher instead of homework, and when you meet with your friends, don’t you call yourselves ‘the company’? And who hasn’t struggled with learning the complex object? English teachers don’t know what a complex object is. Then, there are the more obvious difficulties that come from grammar. For example, you speak English but you never use ‘the’ or ‘a’ correctly 100% of the time, so you guess. Marina: So we have our own vocabulary and we have Russian grammar. Wayne: There are other things. For instance, when you talk to people, you act differently from English people, too. You wait until someone finishes speaking and don’t normally interrupt them. English people can seem rude in the way they interrupt each other. They may also seem impolite when they begin talking. When you begin talking, and each time you want to emphasise a point, you say the other person’s name.
Task 1 Read the text below and mark the facts as True or False.
Russians call it the Mendeleev periodic table, while in other countries people drop the name of the Russian chemist Dmitry Mendeleev – the scientist who came up with the concept that atomic weights of elements largely predetermine their physical and chemical properties. In the anticipation of an anniversary of this discovery (1869- 1870), we decided to find out more interesting facts from the director of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, who kindly agreed to answer our questions. Can you tell us about the history of this discovery and its importance nowadays? It’s amazing but Mendeleev based his classification on 63 elements only, of which just 48 had atomic weights precisely determined at that time. Others had not been studied thoroughly. His first table was put on a sheet of paper with some gaps for unknown elements and he corrected the atomic weights for the elements which he thought were incorrect. All the missing elements were discovered later and all the atomic weights he thought wrong proved to be as he predicted! Now we are working on discovering the 119th of the Mendeleev table and there seems to be no limit. One of the elements discovered recently is named after Mendeleev. Were there any attempts to classify elements before and after his discovery?
Yes, just a few. The earliest was based on two large groups of acid-forming and baseforming elements. However, this broad classification proved inadequate. The second made a distinction between metals and non-metals. But it turned out to be inconsistent. The German chemist Lothar Meyer put forward similar proposals shortly after Mendeleev, but criticized Mendeleev’s predictions of incorrect atomic weights of some elements. Can the Mendeleev periodic table be regarded as a law of nature? No one can deny that. It has been verified many times decades after Mendeleev’s death in 1907. Now it’s as valuable as the work of Copernicus in astronomy or Einstein’s theory of relativity. Was Mendeleev nominated for a Nobel prize? Yes, three times – in 1905, 1906, 1907. Unfortunately, he failed to get a prize due to the long time that had passed since his discovery and the time when Nobel prizes were first introduced in 1901.
1)1901 – Mendeleev died
2)118 – the current number of elements in the periodic table
3)1917 – the second time Mendeleev was nominated for the Nobel Prize
4)1903 – Nobel prizes were first introduced
5)3 – nominations of the scientist for the Nobel prize
Do you know Great Britain? Decide if the following statements about Britain are true or false.
6)Britain has several active volcanoes.
7)The Romans brought the skills of reading and writing to Britain.
8)A true Cockney is anybody born in the East End of London
9)Big Ben is the official name of the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament in Westminster.
10)In Shakespeare’s time there were no actresses, all female parts were played by boys.
11)‘Bank’ holidays are called so because these are the days on which banks are legally closed.
12)The Queen is not allowed to take part in political activity.
13)British public schools are free of charge.
14)Yorkshire pudding is usually eaten as a desert like other puddings.
15)The Queen’s official limousines are the only cars in Britain to have no number plates.
Ответы и задания 9-11 класс школьный этап 2020 по английскому языку:
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Видеоразбор заданий олимпиады:
1)As a child, Charles showed no particular interest in space travel.
2)Charles started his career in the Air Force as a pilot
3)The hardest part of the training for Charles was endlessly practising the lunar landing.
4)The interviewer is pretty sure Charles sailed through his training
5)When he first found out he was going to the moon, Charles was exhilarated.
6)Charles had to stop doing all sports.
7)During the process of landing, the crew panicked since they couldn’t find a landing spot because of the dust.
8)The loneliness of the moonscape made the greatest impact on Charles.
9)He didn’t return after the mission empty-handed, since Charles fetched a physical lunar souvenir.
READING Time: 20 minutes Maximum points – 15 points Read a BBC article and answer questions. Profile: Yuri Gagarin By Paul Rincon and Katia Moskvitch Science reporters, BBC News
10)The first space flight brought Gagarin global fame in no time.
11)The Gagarins moved to Gzhatsk as they didn’t want to live in their house any longer after it had been dishonoured by the Nazi occupation.
12)Yuri Gagarin learned to fly a plane at the Saratov Technical College.
13)He met his wife after his graduation from the Orenburg Pilot School.
14)It is common knowledge that Yuri Gagarin’s social origin got him a head start over the other candidates for the Soviet space programme
15)The first space flight took less than two hours.
16)Gagarin’s capsule landed safely near the Volga River.
17)Gagarin died in an air crash when his plane collided with another one
18)What are we told about the family of Yuri Gagarin in the second paragraph?
19)Yuri’s school teacher says that he…
20)Reg Turnill remembers that Yuri Gagarin was…
21)Gagarin’s “poyekhali” (“here we go”)
22)Which one of the listed activities did Gagarin not do during his flight?
23)Which one of the listed events CANNOT be regarded as a LOGICAL follow-up of the first orbit flight?
24)Which one of the following statements is true according to the text?